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Evaluating Portuguese intervention in education

Sep 2009 - Aug 2016 | Guinea Bissau


CEI-UIL (PT) - Centro di Estudio Internacionais - Instituto Universitario de Lisboa.

The Center for International Studies (CEI-IUL) aims at strengthening the interdisciplinary research, thought and intervention in a framework of complex social, political and economic phenomena that go beyond national and regional borders. CEI-IUL rests upon the previous research experience of the Center for African Studies, enhancing the activity developed within this unit of R&D in recent decades and it will particularly promote the interdisciplinary approach valued at the CEA-IUL. More than the geographical broadening of research the evolution of the CEA-IUL to the CEI-IUL it is the recognition of an approach focused on the present challenges of the global environment that combines different disciplinary areas. CEI-IUL integrates researchers working in social studies, politics and international relations, development studies, economics and management in international contexts. CEI-IUL is organised on a matrix design of regional lines (Africa, Asia and Europe&Transatlantic Relations) and research groups (Institutions, Governance and International Relations; Societal and Development Challenges; Economy and Globalization).

The Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD-DAC) defines evaluation as the “systematic and objective assessment of an ongoing or completed project, programme or policy, its design, implementation and results”. The aim of the evaluation processes are to “determine the relevance and fulfillment of objectives, development efficiency, effectiveness, impact and sustainability”. The primary goals of evaluation are learning of lessons (i.e. learning with the experience in order to improve other ongoing projects, future aid policy, programmes and projects) and to provide an objective basis for the transparency of accountability to the main stakeholders (governments, taxpayers, civil society and beneficiaries) Evaluation can be divided into internal and external evaluation. The first is conducted by members of the organization related to the evaluation object and the latter is made by a third party, namely an external organization or an expert, in an independent and impartial manner. When evaluating international cooperation programmes and projects, OECD-DAC recommends, in its [i]Principles for Evaluation of Development[/i], adopted in 1991, to consider the following evaluation criterias:

  • Relevance: the extent to which the objectives of development projects satisfies the needs, priorities and policies of beneficiaries.
  • Effectiveness: refers to the degree to which the development intervention objectives were reached
  • Efficiency: it assess the extent to which the development intervention used the least costly resources to achieve the expected results/outcomes
  • Sustainability: measures whether the benefits of the intervention will last after the end of the project.
  • Impact: consists in assessing the positive and negative changes produced by the development intervention.
The object of the evaluation conducted by CEI-IUL was the intervention of the Portuguese cooperation, between September 2009 and august 2016, in the sector of Education (pre-school education, primary school and secondary school) at the Republic of Guinea Bissau. To assess that intervention, all the five evaluation criteria described above were taken in consideration.

Credits: Clara Carvalho; Maria Antónia Barreto and Miguel Barros.